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Published by at May 11th, 2023 , Revised On July 27, 2023

How to Write an Essay – A Complete Guide with Steps & Examples

Writing an essay can be challenging, especially if you are unfamiliar with the process. However, anyone can become an excellent essay writer with the right guidance. In this article, we will provide you with a comprehensive guide on how to write an essay, including the definition, steps, structure, and an example.

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An essay is a piece of writing that presents an argument, analysis, or interpretation of a particular topic. It is usually written in a formal and structured format, with a clear introduction, body, and conclusion. 

Essays can be of different types, including descriptive, narrative, expository, and persuasive.

Steps of Writing an Essay

The process of writing an essay can be divided into several steps. These steps will help you organise your thoughts and ideas and ensure your essay is well-structured and coherent.

Step 1: Choose a Topic

The first step in writing an essay is to choose a topic. You can either be assigned a topic or choose one on your own. If you are given a topic, read and understand the assignment requirements before proceeding. If you select a topic, ensure it is relevant, interesting, and feasible.

Step 2: Research

Once you have a topic, the next step is to research it. The research will help you to gather information and ideas that you can use to support your arguments. You can use different sources, such as books, articles, websites, and interviews. Take notes and organise your research to make it easy to refer to when writing your essay.

Step 3: Brainstorming

Brainstorming is the process of generating ideas and organising them into a coherent outline. Organising your ideas before writing is essential to ensure that your essay is well-structured and flows logically. Start by creating a mind map or an outline of your ideas, then organise them into sections.

Step 4: Write the Introduction

The introduction is the first paragraph of your essay, and it should be attention-grabbing and informative. It should provide the reader with an overview of the essay and include a thesis statement, which is the main argument or point you will be discussing in your essay.

Step 5: Write the Body Paragraphs

The body paragraphs are the meat of your essay, where you present your arguments and evidence to support your thesis statement. Each body paragraph should start with a topic sentence that introduces the paragraph’s main point. Make sure to provide evidence, examples, and analysis to support your arguments.

Step 6: Write the Conclusion

The conclusion is the last paragraph of your essay, and it should summarise your arguments and restate your thesis statement. It should also provide a final thought or recommendation on the topic.

Step 7: Editing and Proofreading

The final step in writing an essay is editing and proofreading. This involves checking for grammar and spelling errors and ensuring that the essay flows logically and is well-organised. You can also ask someone else to read your essay and provide feedback.

Essay Structure

The structure of an essay is essential to ensure that it is well-organised and coherent. A typical essay structure includes the following:


  • Attention-grabbing statement
  • Background information on the topic
  • Thesis statement

Body Paragraphs

  • Topic sentence
  • Evidence and analysis to support the argument
  • Transition the sentence to the next paragraph


  • Restate the thesis statement
  • Summarise the main arguments
  • Provide a final thought or recommendation

Essay Example

Here is a 500-word essay example:

Title: The Impact of Social Media on Mental Health

Social media has become an integral part of our daily lives. It has revolutionised the way we connect with people, share information, and consume media. However, there has been growing concern about the impact of social media on mental health. While social media has several benefits, it can also have a detrimental effect on our mental wellbeing.

One of the major concerns regarding social media is the negative impact it can have on self-esteem. Social media platforms are filled with carefully curated images and posts, which can create unrealistic expectations and lead to feelings of inadequacy. This can be particularly harmful to vulnerable individuals, such as those with pre-existing mental health conditions or those who have experienced trauma.

Another issue is the impact of social media on sleep. The constant stimulation from social media can make it difficult to unwind and fall asleep. Furthermore, the blue light emitted by screens can disrupt the production of melatonin, a hormone that regulates sleep. This can lead to insomnia, which in turn can have a negative impact on mental health.

Social media can also exacerbate feelings of anxiety and depression. While social media can provide a sense of community and support, it can also be a source of stress. The constant comparison to others, fear of missing out (FOMO), and exposure to negative news and events can all contribute to feelings of anxiety and depression.

However, it’s important to note that social media can also positively affect mental health. For example, social media can provide a platform for people to share their experiences and connect with others who may be going through similar struggles. This can reduce feelings of isolation and provide a sense of community.

Social media can also be a useful tool for mental health advocacy and awareness. Many organisations and individuals use social media to raise awareness about mental health issues and promote resources and support for those who may be struggling.

Overall, it’s important to be mindful of the impact of social media on our mental health. While it can be a useful tool for communication and community, it can also negatively affect self-esteem, sleep, and mental well-being. It’s important to set boundaries and prioritise self-care to minimise the negative impact of social media on our mental health.

Key Components of an Academic Essay 

An essay is a piece of writing that presents an argument or a perspective on a particular topic. The key components of an essay are the introduction, thesis statement, body paragraphs, and conclusion.

Introduction: The introduction is the opening paragraph of an essay that sets the tone for the rest of the paper. It should grab the reader’s attention and provide background information. An introduction might include a hook, such as a question or a quote, to engage the reader. 

For example:

“Have you ever wondered what living in a world without social media would be like? In today’s digital age, imagining life without constant connectivity is difficult. However, the negative impact of social media on mental health cannot be ignored.”

Thesis Statement: The thesis statement is a sentence or two that presents the main argument or point of the essay. It should be clear, and concise, and provide a roadmap for the reader on what to expect from the rest of the paper. 

For example:

“While social media has undoubtedly revolutionised the way we communicate, its negative impact on mental health, such as increased anxiety and depression, cannot be ignored.”

Body Paragraphs: The body paragraphs of an essay provide evidence and support for the thesis statement. Each paragraph should focus on a single idea or point, with a topic sentence at the beginning that connects to the thesis statement. Evidence can include quotes, statistics, or examples that support the argument. For example:

“Firstly, social media has been linked to increased anxiety and depression. According to a study by the University of Pennsylvania, excessive use of social media platforms can lead to feelings of isolation and loneliness. Constant comparison to others’ curated online lives can also lead to negative self-comparison and self-esteem issues.”

Conclusion: The conclusion is the final paragraph of the essay and should summarise the paper’s main points while restating the thesis statement. It can also provide recommendations or implications for further research. 

For example:

“In conclusion, while social media has undoubtedly revolutionised the way we communicate, it is important to recognise the negative impact it can have on mental health. By limiting our use of social media and being mindful of its effects on our mental health, we can strive to find a balance between staying connected and taking care of ourselves.”

In addition to the above key components, essays may include an abstract, table of contents, or references page, depending on the assignment’s specific requirements.

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Types of Academic Essays

There are several types of academic essays, each with a different purpose and structure. Some common types of academic essays include:

Types of an Academic Essay
Narrative essays A narrative essay tells a story about a real-life experience. It often includes personal anecdotes and vivid descriptions to engage the reader. For example, a narrative essay about a camping trip might describe the scenery, the activities, and the interactions between the people on the trip.
Descriptive essaysA descriptive essay uses sensory details to create a vivid picture of a person, place, or thing. For example, a descriptive essay about a beach might describe the sound of the waves, the smell of the salt air, and the feel of the sand between your toes.
Expository essaysAn expository essay explains or describes a topic in detail. It presents information clearly and logically and often includes examples, statistics, or other evidence to support its points. An expository essay about climate change might explain the causes and effects of global warming and suggest solutions to reduce carbon emissions.
Persuasive essaysA persuasive essay presents a strong argument or opinion on a topic and tries to convince the reader to agree. It uses facts, evidence, and logical reasoning to support its position. For instance, a persuasive essay about the importance of recycling might argue that recycling reduces waste and helps to protect the environment.
Compare and contrast essaysA compare and contrast essay analyses the similarities and differences between two or more subjects. It presents both sides of the argument and provides evidence to support each point. For example, a compare and contrast essay about two cities might compare their climate, geography, and culture.
Argumentative essaysAn argumentative essay presents a strong argument or position on a controversial topic and tries to convince the reader to agree. It uses evidence, logic, and reasoning to support its position. An argumentative essay about the use of animals in medical research might argue that animal testing is necessary to develop new treatments for human diseases.
Cause and effect essaysA cause-and-effect essay analyses the relationship between a cause and its effect. It presents the causes and effects of a particular event or phenomenon and how they relate. A cause-and-effect essay about the effects of social media might explore how social media can lead to addiction, cyberbullying, and other negative outcomes.

These are just a few examples of the different types of academic essays. Each type of essay has a unique structure and purpose, so it’s important to understand the requirements of each one before you start writing.

Also read other articles by BuyAssignmentOnline: Systematic Review – Steps & Examples | ChatGPT Essay Writing | What is Grey Literature | What are the Limitations of Academic Research | Research Topics

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Mistakes to Avoid in an Essay

Don’t plagiarise: Plagiarism is using someone else’s work or ideas without giving them proper credit. It’s important to use your own words and ideas and properly cite any sources you use.

Don’t use informal language: Academic essays require a formal tone, so avoid using slang or colloquialisms.

Don’t use contractions: Academic writing requires a formal tone, so avoid using contractions such as “don’t” or “can’t.”

Don’t use overly complex language: While it’s important to use appropriate academic language, don’t make your writing overly complex or difficult to understand. Use clear and concise language to get your point across.

Don’t ignore the essay prompt: Make sure you read and understand the essay prompt or question before you start writing. Make sure you answer the question or address the prompt in your essay.

Don’t procrastinate: Writing an essay takes time and effort, so don’t wait until the last minute to start. Give yourself enough time to research, plan, and write your essay. Don’t forget to proofread: Always proofread your essay for spelling and grammar errors, as well as for clarity and coherence. Having someone else read your essay is also a good idea to catch any mistakes you may have missed.

Essay Writing Checklist 

The following academic writing essay checklist can help ensure a well-written and organised essay:

Frequently Asked Questions

An essay is a piece of writing that presents a writer’s perspective on a specific topic. It typically consists of an introduction, body, and a conclusion, and it can take many different forms, such as descriptive, argumentative.

Writing an essay typically involves brainstorming and outlining your ideas, conducting research and gathering evidence, drafting and revising your essay, and finally, editing and proofreading your work.

It is important to identify your audience and purpose, develop a clear thesis statement, and organise your essay with an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion.

Additionally, following citation guidelines and formatting requirements is crucial in academic writing.

There are several types of essays, each with a unique purpose and structure. The most common types of essays include narrative, descriptive, expository, persuasive, and argumentative.

A narrative essay tells a story, while a descriptive essay provides a detailed description of a place, person, or thing. An expository essay presents information or explains a topic, while a persuasive essay aims to convince the reader of a particular point of view. Finally, an argumentative essay presents arguments for or against a particular topic or issue.

If you’re running late and don’t have time to make a top-quality essay, focus on having clear organisation over grammar, and be clear about structure, key arguments, & supporting evidence. Proofread for errors. Prioritize quality over length.

While you will certainly be docked for grammatical points, if you have a clear thesis and logical organisation, these will prevent you from an essay disaster. Even if you’re concerned about time, make an outline to organise your thoughts.

First, read your essay out loud to yourself. It sounds strange, but it catches a lot of run-on sentences, wordiness, strange transitions, etc. If what you write doesn’t make sense out loud, change it!

If you are told your essay is vague or unclear, look at the topic sentences of your body paragraphs and see if they match up with your thesis.

Your essay may suffer from organisation issues, and you might have to alter key sentences to get it back on track.

About Owen Ingram

Avatar for Owen IngramIngram is a dissertation specialist. He has a master's degree in data sciences. His research work aims to compare the various types of research methods used among academicians and researchers.

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